Make your own free website on

General Index
Hidráulica fluvial. Conceptos generales sobre morfología, dinámica y el transporte de sedimentos en ríos aluviales. Ecuaciones y métodos de uso más extendido para su evaluación y cálculo.

[ir a Índice General]

[ir a Contenido General]

[go to General Index]

[go to General Content]



Atrás ] Siguiente ]


Dynamic index:  This general index contains interactive hyperlinks that allow to open any other subject. (links under construction)

[Spanish Version]

General objectives: Written report and Web Site. 

Abstract: Written report and Web Site. 


1.   Introduction - Notions of fluvial hydraulics. (Part I)

1.1   The rivers.

1.2  Terminology.

1.3  Physical properties of sediments in alluvial rivers.

      1.3.1  Physical characteristics of the sediment.

1.4  Rivers morphology.

      1.4.1  Genetic classification of a current. 

      1.4.2  Development stages of the rivers.

       Torrential stage.

       Moderate stage.

       Terminal stage.

       Rivers in equilibrium and in regime. 

      1.4.3  Drainage patterns and slopes.  

      1.4.4  Classification of rivers and beds. 

     1.4.5  Types of beds. Forms in plant. 

       Straight beds.

       Braided beds.                 

       Meander beds or meander-forms.

1.5  Morphological evolution of the type of plants in a river.                  

      1.5.1  Hydraulic geometry of a river.

1.6  Predictions of the general answer to the change in a river.

      1.6.1  Application of qualitative analysis.

      1.6.2  Dominant or formative flow.

      1.6.3  Fargue’s laws.

1.7  River bottom equilibrium.            

      1.7.1  Lane’s scale.                    

      1.7.2  Solid flow.              

1.8  Threshold or principle movement.            

1.9  Channel forms or rough bottoms.            

       1.9.1  Ruggedness and bottom forms physical analysis.                     

1.10 Mathematical models and reduced physical models.                       

       1.10.1  Mathematical models.                 

       1.10.2  Reduced physical models.             

       1.10.3  Likeness criteria in regards to the transport of sediments.

       1.10.4  Materials used in fluvial models.                      


2.  Transport of sediments. (Part II)

2.1  Introduction. Notions of the sediments’ transportation.

2.2  Classification of the sediments’ transportation.

      2.2.1  Distribution of the solid transportation in the alluvial beds.

      2.2.2  Measurement of the transportation and fluvial sedimentation.

2.3  Equations classification of the transport of sediments.

      2.3.1  Equations of the bottom transportation.

      2.3.2  Equations for the load calculation in suspension.

      2.3.3  Equations for the calculation of the total load.

2.4  Equations of bottom transportation.

      2.4.1  Approximation of shearing stresses.

       DuBoys’ approximation (1879).

       Straub (1935).

       Shields (1936).

       Kalinske (1947).

       Chang, Simons y Richardson. (1967).

       2.4.2 Approximation by energy slope.

       Meyer-Peter’s approximation (1934).

       Meyer-Peter and Müller’s approximation.

       2.4.3 Discharge approximation.

       Schoklitsch (1934).

       2.4.4 Speed approximation.


       Donate. (1929).

       2.4.5 Bottom forms’ approximation.

       2.4.6 Probability approximation.

       Einstein. (1942, 1950).

       Einstein-Brown’s approximation (1950).

       2.4.7 Regression’s approximations.

2.5  Load equations for transportation in suspension.

      2.5.1  General considerations.

      2.5.2  Theory of the exchange under equilibrium conditions.

       Rouse’s equation.

      2.5.3  Formulas for load in suspension.

       Approximation for the Lane and Kalinske’s equation.

       Einstein's equation approximation.

       Brooks’ equation approximation.

       Chang, Simons and Richardson’s equation approximation.

2.6  Total load transportation equations.

       2.6.1 General concepts.

       2.6.2 Approximation types for the equations and methods.

       2.6.3 Transportation functions based on bottom load Einstein's function.

        First Einstein approximation.

        Einstein's procedure modification.

        Tofaletti’s method.

       2.6.4 Transportation functions based on the energy concept.

       Bagnold’s approximation.

        Engelund and Hansen’s approximation.

        Ackers and White’s approximation.

        Yang’s approximation.

        Velikanov’s approximation.

                    Other approximations having as theoretical base the concept of the

                                         Velikanov’s gravitational energy.

                                 Dou (1974).

                                 Zhang (1959).

       2.6.5 Other transportation functions.

       Chang, Simons and Richardson’s approximation.

       Laursen’s approximation.

        Colby’s approximation.

        Shen and Hung’s approximation.

        Karim and Kennedy’s approximation

2.7  Other calculation formulas according to the focus proposed by Maza for the Engelund,

      Meyer-Peter and Müller and Shields’ equations.

      2.7.1  Engelund’s formula.

      2.7.2  Meyer-Peter and Müller’s formula.

       Extreme conditions.

      2.7.3  Shields’ formula.

       Extreme conditions.

2.8  Hydric erosion.

       2.8.1  Erosion process idealization in a basin.

       2.8.2  Soil loss universal equation.

2.9  Comparison and evaluation of the sediments transportation’s functions.

       2.9.1  Basic suppositions’ evaluation.

       2.9.2  Selection procedure for the transportation functions.

2.10 Conclusions.

2.11 Bibliography and references.   

Index of Figures.

Index of Charts.

Search in this Web-Site

[Return to beginning]

[Ir al principio]


Escuela Colombiana de Ingeniería. Centro de Estudios Hidráulicos y Ambientales.
Si tiene comentarios o inquietudes acerca de este Sitio-Web, por favor enviar un e-mail a: